From vocabulary to grammar and syntax, there are a lot of elements a person must learn in order to master a second language. Keep reading to learn more about how the brain manages to remember all of this new information so a person can officially become bilingual:
The Use of Different Brain Functions
Although science is just starting to study the effect of bilingualism on the brain, they are starting to see some connections that can explain one’s ability to learn a new language. Some studies have found that bilingual people have a thicker cortex in both brain regions. Others have seen an increase in the white matter, which protects the nerves and simplifies the way the can communicate. As science continues to study the structure of the bilingual brain, they should be able to find even more connections that explain a person’s ability to learn a new language.
Activities that Strengthen the Brain
Scientists have also begun researching links between bilingual people and dementia and Alzheimer’s. Bilingual people tend to start showing signs of dementia about 4.1 years later than monolinguals and signs of Alzheimer’s about 5.1 years later. Researchers believe this is because the ability to speak multiple languages strengthens the brain and keeps it active longer. These active brains have the ability to fight off diseases better than their less active counterparts.
Better Multitasking Skills
Since a bilingual brain has to remember twice as much vocabulary and syntax as a monolingual brain, it is often able to multitask faster. A 2013 study from the University of Kentucky showed that bilingual people could switch between a variety of ideas faster than monolingual subjects.
If you want to expand your language horizons, sign up for the language school at Bluedata International Institute. Our ESL classes in New York City give you the chance to perfect your English skills for your personal, professional, and academic life. To learn more about our programs, visit us online or call (888) 826-6449.